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Intercession Cathedral

Description

Address: 31 Suvorov Ave.

Build Date: 1831

The height of the building with the bell tower – 65 meters

 

The remarkable monument of Russian architecture of the first half of the 19th century majestically rises in the central part of the city, surrounded by shady and cozy squares – Intercession Cathedral.

It was built according on the project of the famous architect Avram Melnikov on the place of the old Tuchkovskaya Little Russian Nikolaevskaya Church on means of parishioners and a “benefit from the treasury” allocated by the Bessarabian governor Count M. Vorontsov by decree of Emperor Nicholas I.

Мельников Авраам ИвановичAvraam Melnikov (1784-1854) – Russian architect, representative of late classicism, academician and rector of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
Among the buildings implemented according to his projects: the building of the School of Law and many houses in St. Petersburg, the guest house in Ufa, the building of the fair in Rostov-on-Don, the seminary in Minsk, the cathedral in Nizhny Novgorod, the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan in Yaroslavl, Transfiguration Cathedral in Rybinsk, etc.
Melnikov also worked a lot in NovoRossiya on the order of Governor-General M.Vorontsov. In particular, in the Odessa region, in addition to the Intercession Cathedral in Izmail he designed the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad and the semicircular ensemble in Odessa, which borders the monument to Duke de Richelieu.

According to documents, the construction of the cathedral began in 1821 and ended in 1831, when it was consecrated, but various additions have been added to over the years. In 1831, an iconostasis was made in the church, gilded columns with decorated capitals were added to the frame with the last its renovation in 1907.

A bell tower was erected and 6 bells were made from the melted Turkish cannons. The bells decorated with icons of the Most Holy Theotokos and images of saints. The very first and main bell weighs 11 tons.

In 1848, another three-tier bell tower (65 m) was added to the temple, which connects to the cathedral with a covered gallery. The upper temple of St. Nicholas was arranged there. The gap between the cathedral and the bell tower is built up with a two-story narthex.

Both the temple and the bell tower were erected in the classicist style from limestone and plastered. The Cathedral is rectangular in plan with a semicircular apse, single-dome, four-pillar. The central part is covered by a hemispherical dome on a high round drum, crowned by a head, resting on sails supported by arches. The apse is blocked by conch, the remaining parts of the structure are semicircular vaults, in the narthex are flat ceilings. The walls are completed with a high attic, on the northern and southern facades – four-leaf porticoes of the Tuscan order. The facades are modestly decorated with belts, panels, windows – sandriks.

In 1913, the wall painting in the Art Nouveau style was added by the artist Pavel Alekseevich Piskarev, and then again – in 1936. He also made painting of temples in Reni, Bolgrad, Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy. Izmail Bishop Neophyt wrote about his work “Piskaryov showed understanding of the spirit of ancient Byzantine-Russian church painting“. In the domed part there is an inscription that is still visible to this day, containing the names of artists: P. Piskarev, I. Shugailov, G. Filatov, L. Forne, V. Nedepkin. In addition, there are inscriptions on some frescoes – “1915 Piskarev”, “P. Piskarev 1914-1915 “,” P. Piskarev 1915″, and on the charter of an angel with the Evangelist Matthew -“Pavel Piskarev, “Demetrius – “P. A. Piskarev. 1915”, St. Daniel Stolpnik – “P. A. Piskarev”, St. Nicholas – “P. A. Piskarev”.

For many years there was an inscription in Church Slavonic language at the junction of the last tiers of the bell tower – the Gospel call: “Come to me all those who labor and are burdened …“. The inscription most likely disappeared by 1931, when the repair was carried out and it was removed as poorly preserved.

A clock with three outer dials was installed by the centenary of the Cathedral in 1931 in the upper tower of the chapel on the 5th tier. It strikes every half hour.

Around 1932. There is no colonnade, no place for a monument to Romanian King Ferdinand yet.

The semicircular colonnades of the Tuscan order on a low stylobate with seven steps and a portico above the main entrance were completed in the Romanian era in 1936. They were designed by the Italian Angelo de Vecchi.

In the cathedral are the Miracle-working icons of the Blessed Virgin Mary (the “Redeemer”, brought from Athos for the blessing of Izmail, and the “Quick Hearing”), as well as the icons of the Mother of God “St. Mary Magdalene”, “St. Great Martyr and Healer Panteleimon”.

Intercession Cathedral in Izmail was included in the list of architectural monuments of the Ukrainian SSR, which are under state protection from 1956, and alson in the State Register of National Cultural Heritage from 1999.

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